31 Fruits and their names in Hausa

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The 21st century sometimes referred to as the information age has made us more conscious of what we are eating and what our body needs to be healthy. This is because we are living in ironical times where some “foods” have basically become poisons because they cause more harm than good in the body. At the center of all this introspection is the continuous reminder of the importance of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. People are now adapting their diet to resemble the way past societies were eating centuries ago because we can now see the harm of all these processed and manufactured foods in our bodies.

We have a post on identifying foods of West-Africa of African such as vegetables, spices and grains and tubers. These posts try to list the food varieties and options that are available to us (many of which we don’t realise). 

Fruits are now beyond just an accompaniment of your diet or a snack for the day. They are now a whole lifestyle to some, a complete diet by themselves that is sometimes used to treat various illnesses and create a better balance in the body.

We will be focusing on the fruits that are grown in west Africa and I am sure there are more which is why I will be updating the list constantly with more fruits and languages and you are welcome to subscribe to the channel if you want to receive email notification on the updates when they are available. I will not be referring to fruits that are imported from other countries and I am sure you will find that information elsewhere on the internet. So without further ado, let us begin:

Common Fruits

English Name:  Watermelon

Botanical Name: Citrullus lanatus

Hausa Name: Kankana

English Name:  Banana

Botanical Name: Musa acuminata

Hausa Name: Ayaba

English Name:  Pineapple

Botanical Name: Ananas comosus

Hausa Name: Abarba

English Name: Pawpaw, papaya

Botanical Name: Carica papaya

Hausa Name: Gwanda

English Name:  Sweet Orange, orange

Botanical Name: Citrus sinensis

Hausa Name: Lemun Zaki, Lemu

English Name:  Mango

Botanical Name: Irvingia gabonensis

Hausa Name: Mangwaro

English Name:  Guava

Botanical Name: Psidium guajava

Hausa Name: Goba

English Name:  Dates

Botanical Name: Phoenix dactylifera

Hausa Name: Dabino

English Name:  Lemon

Botanical Name: Citrus x Limon

Hausa Name: lemun tsami

English Name:  Lime

Botanical Name: Citrus × aurantiifolia

Hausa Name: Lemun Tsami

These common fruits as listed above can be found in the local market almost all year round and are known to the general public. You may even know many of the benefits and nutritional profile of these fruits and how to eat them. There is so much you can do with these limited selection of fruits because they can be bought almost at any time of the year the only  difference is that they may be more expensive depending on the season.

Beyond just eating them as fruits, you can eat them in various ways such as baking, drinks and smoothies and also taking them as a home remedy for minor health issues such as fatigue, flu, dehydration, constipation etc. The internet is the best resource of finding creative and unknown uses of various things including fruits so with this information, challenge yourself to do something different with them.

Seasonal/Exotic Fruits

English Name: Fig

Botanical Name: Ficus Cyathistipula

Hausa Name: Baure

English Name:  Soursop, Guanabana, Brazilian pawpaw etc.

Botanical Name: Annona muricata

Hausa Name:     Gwandar Daji

English Name:  African star Apple

Botanical Name: Chrysophyllum albidum

Hausa Name: Agwaluma

English Name:  Sugar Cane

Botanical Name: Saccharum officinarum

Hausa Name: Rake

English Name:  Melon (there are many varieties)

Botanical Name: Cucumis melo

Hausa Name: Shamman

English Name:  Sweet detar

Botanical Name: Detarium senegalense

Hausa Name: Taura

English Name:  Jujube red date, ber, chinese date etc.

Botanical Name: Ziziphus jujuba

Hausa Name: Magarya

English Name:  African Black plum

Botanical Name: Vitex Doniana

Hausa Name: Dinya, Kanya

English Name:  Deleb Palm

Botanical Name: Borassus sambiranensis

Hausa Name: Giginya

English Name:  Avocado

Botanical Name: Persea americana

Hausa Name: Fiya

English Name:  Sugar apple, custard apple, cherimoya etc.

Botanical Name: Annona reticulata

Hausa Name: Pasadabur

English Name:  Velvet Tamarind, African velevet tamarind, Black velvet tamarind etc.

Botanical Name: Dialium guineense

Hausa Name: Tsamiyar biri

English Name:  Doum Palm

Botanical Name: Hyphaene thebaica

Hausa Name: Goruba

English Name: African Locust Bean

Botanical Name: Parkia biglobosa

Hausa Name: Dorawa

English Name:  Baobab, tree of life etc.

Botanical Name: Adansonia Digitata

Hausa Name: Kuka

English Name: Egyptian Balsam, desert date

Scientific Name: Balanites aegyptiaca

Hausa Name: Aduwa

English Name:  Jackalberry, African Ebony

Botanical Name: Diospyros mespiliformis

Hausa Name: Kanya

English Name: black plum, malabar plum, woodland waterberry, Jamun,

Botanical Name: Syzygium guineense

Hausa Name: Malmo

English Name: Mongongo, Manketti

Botanical Name: Schinziophyton rautanenii

Hausa Name: Kadanya

English Name: Tamarind

Botanical Name: Tamarindus indica

Hausa Name: Tsamiya

Most of us are familiar with the long one year waiting period between seasons before we can enjoy a season fruit once more. These are the seasonal or uncommon fruits listed above. Some in the list are not found or sold commonly in the market you have to find out the little corners of the market that sell them. Others in this list are not even sold in most local markets such as African locust bean fruit but can be seen with children that climb the trees in the wild to pluck the fruits. This is partly because of the low or non-existent demand as we now take more commonly available fruits than local indigenous fruits such as orange, Banana, watermelon etc. so, If you want some, you have to get someone that will go up the tree to get it for you (sorry).

Figs, African velvet tamarind, cashew, melon, sugar cane and passion fruit can be readily found in many seasons of the year. They usually come in a variation of colors and sizes.  The others such as African star Apple, sweet detar and Avocados are usually consistently available for shorter periods. 

The recipes for these fruits require a little more creativity because many of them are unknown to the typical internet users. So it is time to get to work and let me know in the comments below if you have a recipe or a special way of preparing any of these fruits so that we can learn from you.

Conclusion

I hope this small list of fruits have reminded you of the many more option we have for fruits in Africa beyond just the typical banana and oranges and the occasional pawpaw and watermelon that we think of when we go fruit shopping. Some of these fruits can just be enjoyed as a snack and some of them due to their high fiber will make you feel full after taking them such as soursop. Believe me, it happened to me recently.

If you do know of other common fruits in west Africa, let me know in the comments below. Questions, comments, suggestions are welcome and if you know more, please share it with us so that we can all learn. The next language I will be adding to this list is the Yoruba language. I am working on it so be patient with me please.

Thank you for reading till the end and until I see you next, stay safe!

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This Post Has 3 Comments

  1. Babakura Modu

    This is amazing . Because, I only see them and know with the local name even though I know some of them.
    Thank you very much and I also want to start a YouTube channel and may you can allow me to use some of your pictures.

    1. Hattyo

      Hello. I am glad you liked this compilation. Feel free to use of these pictures as they do not belong to me but I also sourced them from the internet. You can also find similar pictures on the internet. Best of luck

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